Write an inaugural address in place of rutherford b. hayes essay

Write an inaugural address in place of rutherford b. hayes essay

Thinking a change in climate would help, he considered enlisting in the Mexican—American Warbut on his doctor's advice he instead visited family in New England. The circumstances were, perhaps, in no respect extraordinary save in the closeness and the consequent uncertainty of the result.

The Long Road to Equality. Tilden , the Governor of New York. The pledges were made, Hayes removed the troops, but the promises were soon broken. With the capacity to pass whatever appropriations bills they desired, the Democrats moved to force unwanted laws on Hayes by attaching legislation called riders to necessary money bills. Indeed, Hayes believed acculturation was the best policy, that education coupled with learning to be a farmer, herder, teamster, etc. Rhetorical Elements An examination of the different strands of arguments used to talk about Reconstruction will allow an understanding of the discursive material Hayes had at his disposal when writing the inaugural address. Both men campaigned vigorously, making speeches across the state, mostly focusing on the suffrage question.

The material development of that section of the country has been arrested by the social and political revolution through which it has passed, and now needs and deserves the considerate care of the National Government within the just limits prescribed by the Constitution and wise public economy.

With respect to the two distinct races whose peculiar relations to each other have brought upon us the deplorable complications and perplexities which exist in those States, it must be a government which guards the interests of both races carefully and equally.

When the Senate reconvened in January Conkling again attempted to block Hayes's nominees. The army went into winter quarters once more, and in spring the war quickly came to a close with Lee's surrender to Grant at Appomattox. Hayes was promoted to major , and his friend and college classmate Stanley Matthews was appointed lieutenant colonel. Blair, W. But at the basis of all prosperity, for that as well as for every other part of the country, lies the improvement of the intellectual and moral condition of the people. Kirk, J. Grant later writing of Hayes that "[h]is conduct on the field was marked by conspicuous gallantry as well as the display of qualities of a higher order than that of mere personal daring. Virtually none of the strikers were organized in any labor union and the strike grew without any leaders or organizations in control. Although other issues corruption and economic recession were surely important problems facing the nation, the most significant issue that faced the Republicans in the presidential election of was Reconstruction, and more specifically the further use of troops in the South Polakoff, , p.

These and other debates about the meaning and actualization of equality were contested along the lines of race, gender, age, ability, sexual preference, and economic station, and they all changed the way our society operates.

The Republican Party, with Charles Sumner and Thaddeus Stevens at the helm, forced Reconstruction on the South, using federal troops to maintain peace in pursuit of constitutional rights for southern blacks Bennett,p.

rutherford b hayes last day in office

For Hayes, the federal government had a duty to protect the rights of citizens at national elections; as President, he had a duty to prevent Congress from usurping his power to share in legislation.

Hayes was elected President in in one of the most belligerent elections in American history. Condit, C. He made federal dollars available for infrastructure improvements in the South and appointed Southerners to influential posts in high-level government positions.

These and other debates about the meaning and actualization of equality were contested along the lines of race, gender, age, ability, sexual preference, and economic station, and they all changed the way our society operates. The most important thing for us to do right now is have faith. It has been reserved for a government of the people, where the right of suffrage is universal, to give to the world the first example in history of a great nation, in the midst of the struggle of opposing parties for power, hushing its party tumults to yield the issue of the contest to adjustment according to the forms of law. The sweeping revolution of the entire labor system of a large portion of our country and the advance of 4,, people from a condition of servitude to that of citizenship, upon an equal footing with their former masters, could not occur without presenting problems of the gravest moment, to be dealt with by the emancipated race, by their former masters, and by the General Government, the author of the act of emancipation. Hayes wrangled with U. The fact that both the great political parties of the country, in declaring their principles prior to the election, gave a prominent place to the subject of reform of our civil service, recognizing and strongly urging its necessity, in terms almost identical in their specific import with those I have here employed, must be accepted as a conclusive argument in behalf of these measures. In January , while on business in Cleveland, Hayes fell ill. But at the basis of all prosperity, for that as well as for every other part of the country, lies the improvement of the intellectual and moral condition of the people. Ari Hoogenboom. The success of this initiative was a major factor in the passage of the Pendleton Civil Service Reform Act of , two years following Hayes's departure from office. The only safe paper currency is one which rests upon a coin basis and is at all times and promptly convertible into coin. Also, he Du Bois House of Representatives. After establishing the historical and rhetorical context in which Hayes won the election and delivered the speech, a close reading of the inaugural address to show how Hayes articulated a set of political principles that supported reconciliation with the South.

End of Reconstruction The most difficult problem facing the nation, however, could not be postponed. Considering that the two sides might be irreconcilable, he suggested that the Union "[l]et them go.

The only safe paper currency is one which rests upon a coin basis and is at all times and promptly convertible into coin. The immeasurable benefits which will surely follow, sooner or later, the hearty and generous acceptance of the legitimate results of that revolution have not yet been realized. The party nominated Hayes to run for Congress in , a race he lost. President Hayes was a reformer who began the achievements that led to service reform and tried to bring together the divisions that led to the previous American Civil War. The strikers allowed passenger trains with mail cars attached to depart on schedule. Andrew Johnson and Republicans fought over Reconstruction While serving in the Army of the Shenandoah in , Hayes was nominated by Republicans to run for the House of Representatives from Ohio's 2nd congressional district. By the end of the war, Hayes had been promoted to the rank of brevet major general. Indeed, Hayes believed acculturation was the best policy, that education coupled with learning to be a farmer, herder, teamster, etc. It is very gratifying, however, to be able to say that there are indications all around us of a coming change to prosperous times. Tilden was considered a formidable adversary who, like Hayes, had a reputation for honesty.

Let me assure my countrymen of the Southern States that it is my earnest desire to regard and promote their truest interest--the interests of the white and of the colored people both and equally--and to put forth my best efforts in behalf of a civil policy which will forever wipe out in our political affairs the color line and the distinction between North and South, to the end that we may have not merely a united North or a united South, but a united country.

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Rutherford B. Hayes: Domestic Affairs